Stimming is known as involving repetitive movements or sounds and is a self-stimulating behavior. Everyone stims in one way or another, even if it’s not clear to others.
It is not easy to give the reason for stimming, while it can serve for a variety of purposes
For example an autistic person may try to;
- adapt to an unfamiliar environment
- reduce anxiety
- decrease sensory overload
- express frustration
- avoid activities
It can be an attempt to ease physical discomfort or pain. But can it be controlled?
This doesn’t need to be controlled, but when it is causing any problems you have to get a consultation.
It may need a management if you answer yes to these;
- Does it affect the ability to learn?
- Is it disruptive at school?
- Has it caused social isolation?
- Does it cause problems for others?
- Is it dangerous or destructive?
If it harms contact a doctor right away. Otherwise, stimming is better to be managed. Your goal is not to control them, but to encourage them to self-control.
Firstly, you have to find the reason behind stimming to manage it easier. Understanding what they are trying to say or do is very important.
You have to keep in mind these;
- Stick to a routine for daily tasks
- Eliminate or reduce the trigger, provide a calming environment, and lower stress
- Encourage self-control
- Avoid punishments
- Teach other behaviors that can help to meet the same needs.
- Contact an autism or behavior specialist to find the reasons behind their stimming.
- Knowing when to respond and when not
- Intervening in an unsafe behavior
- Trying to have a safe environment
- Teaching self-control
- Suggest alternate activities
- Contact with therapists