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The Ancient Kingdom of Rwanda

Rwanda became a republic and gained independence in 1962. Before that, it was a pre-colonial kingdom. It was colonized by the Belgians and Germans. To declare independence, the monarchy had to be abolished. In this way, the country became a full-fledged republic.


The Round Kingdom was established in the 15th century. It was created by the unification of several neighboring territories with it. The Kingdom of the Round is known as an old kingdom. People worked there for a long time. Many peasants and ordinary people lived in this kingdom. But we also had very noble and rich people. The peasants worked for the nobles. In this way, the kingdom lived for a long time. We must say, however, that most of the kingdom was a peasant. Its monarchy did not have much influence in the country, as decisions were made by the colonizers. A referendum was held to declare independence, which involved a large number of people.


Hutus took power in the 19th century. Before the nineteenth century, Hutus were called farmers, artisans, laborers, and the military. Since this layer had more people than the other layers, it presided. Even the Mwami council was composed of Hutus, who were peasants, but no distinctions were made. Peasants could also be placed at the head of the kingdom. It made no difference. The descent was just a distinctive way of people. The moment someone was put in charge of the kingdom everything changed. Even their mothers changed their names, being called “…’s mother”. It would set them apart from other people. When someone got a post, he could do and decide a lot of things.


This empire became very powerful and reached its peak in the 1800s. During this period, the nobles sought to have workers work their lands. However, the villagers did not like this. The nobles began to rule the country in many parts of it. Seeing the conflicts between the feudal lords and the peasants, the king of Rwanda called them all “Hutu”. It showed that everyone was the same regardless of wealth.

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